Driving through a suburban neighborhood, I was surprised to see a buck in my headlights. He was standing on the side of the road, looking for an opportunity to cross from one housing development to another. And holy smokes, what a buck he was!
The area was partially wooded with properties from two to five acres in size. There were small groups of unsold lots that were covered in trees with thick underbrush. It was the kind of place where a buck could grow old without fear of hunting pressure. His only worries were being hit by a car or chased by dogs.
I did some research and found that the property was owned by a real estate developer. It bordered a small park with a walking trail. I called the owner and learned the lot was 15 acres he had not yet sold and he gave me permission to hunt it. Just like that. “No one has ever asked before,” he said.
Though I never did shoot that particular buck, I got a lot of trail camera photos of him and two others like him on the property. One of these days my hard work on that little gem of a property is going to pay off. My friend Josh Runksmeier of Pequot Lakes, Minnesota, had a similar thing happen to him. He located a huge buck in a large developed area with homes built in the woods, mostly on five-acre parcels. His result was better than mine; he was fortunate enough to put that buck on his wall that same season.
Bucks are growing old and big in these areas where they get almost no hunting pressure. It’s a misfortune that good bucks are dying of old age.
Here are tips to hunt deer on suburban property.
Discover how deer use small tracts of suburban property
A common theme in hunting these properties is being minimally intrusive with your presence and your scent. But I make an exception to that rule when I first acquire a piece of property. I like to cover it thoroughly and gather as much firsthand information as I can. I want to know where the beds are located, how the deer are traveling the topography, what they are eating and where.
It’s rare that a piece of property this small has both bedding and feeding areas. Usually you get one or the other, or neither. Yet, there’s an exception. When the acorns, locust pods and hazelnuts are on the ground, the bedding area and the feeding area might be all together in one place. That’s an ideal situation for a small property.
A lot of these modest tracts tend to be transition areas between feeding and bedding locations. I have one that is a staging area near a crop field.
The field is normally in alfalfa. It’s a great early-season hunting spot because the bucks tend to hang out there for the last hour of daylight while the does move into the field.
These are all things I’ve learned from first exploring every inch of the property. Once you really get to know the property, you don’t have to do this again.
Consider scouting bedding areas at night
Many of these small woodlots surrounded by homes are a bedroom of sorts for the deer. They spend their time in the thicker areas of the property and then move out under the cover of darkness to forage in the surrounding yards. Deer can’t resist picking up acorns off mowed lawns, and they readily move about the properties once the lights of the homes go out. Scouting these bedding areas can be a problem because you tend to bump the deer out into the open during the day, and that’s not good for keeping a low profile.
If you find yourself with permission to hunt a suburban bedding area, here’s an off-beat idea for scouting it: do the prospecting at night. The deer are out roaming the surrounding real estate, which allows you to freely walk through the vacated bedding areas. Mark the entry and exit trails with a GPS or by simply dropping a pin on your smartphone’s mapping app.
Sneak back in during the day and hang your stands.
How to inventory suburban deer in flux
The next thing you need to do is learn the potential. You need to find out what bucks are using the land and how
often. I have found the best way to inventory the population is with game cameras monitoring trails and mineral licks. This two-pronged attack brings the deer to you using the mineral, and you go to the deer with the trail monitoring. The combination of the two assures you capture an image of every deer on the property. And usually this can be achieved within a month or so.
Start in the spring to early summer when the minerals are most attractive to the deer. Does and bucks alike use the mineral sites, and you can watch the antlers grow throughout the summer. It is important to keep your intrusion and ground scent to a minimum. I recommend checking the cameras not more than once every two weeks, and once a month is better if you can stand to wait that long.
Keep in mind that the deer using such a small area will be in a state of flux. A buck might be nearby, but might only visit the area with the cameras a couple of times a summer. Don’t be discouraged — sometimes the bucks that aren’t living on the property are easier to kill, since the ones that actually spend the majority of their time on that patch of ground have the best chance to pattern you.
Don’t panic if you seem to be getting pictures of lots of does, but few bucks other than yearlings. There is nothing wrong with being in the home range of a bunch of does, because the time of the year will come when being around a lot of does is a very good thing.
On that little 15-acre property by the park, I started getting pictures of does and small bucks right away. But I also got a picture of a kid on a mountain bike, a woman walking her dog, a guy that appeared to be mushroom hunting and another guy carrying a fishing rod. There is no question that deer living in these types of environments get somewhat acclimated to human scent but, if I wanted to get any daylight activity from mature bucks, I needed to keep out trespassers. There was also the larger issue of safety.
“No Trespassing” signs helped a little, but spreading the word around the neighborhood that the land was private had the most effect.
Don’t be tempted to take chances you wouldn’t normally take
The first year I hunted that new piece of property by the park, I watched as people came and went, walking through the park and sometimes on the property. I even had a trail camera stolen. One of the treestands I put up was on a heavily used trail along the top of a ridge only 60 yards from the park’s asphalt walking trail. It was obvious that the deer didn’t react with panic each time they encountered human scent. If they had they’d be in a panic every day.
But I made the mistake of thinking that would allow me to get away with risks I wouldn’t take on other properties with less human activity.
Looking back at that first year, the benefit of hindsight tells me that I significantly reduced my chances of bagging a mature buck by taking chances with the wind and sneaking out to the stand after work when I really shouldn’t have been moving through the property. These deer get really good at determining if a person is out for a stroll or if they have more sinister intentions. I do not know how they know, but they seem to know.
Truth is you can wreck the fragile potential of a tiny property by making one mistake. I now have two stands on these 15 acres: one for a wind with some east to southeast to it and one for winds from the west and northwest. I don’t hunt them if the conditions are not perfect. No exceptions. One of my stands is only 100 yards from the road. But to approach it correctly, I walk all the way around through the park and enter from the opposite side. It’s about 1/3 of a mile of extra effort, but one of these days it will make the difference between seeing a bobbing whitetail versus a red arrow.
Small properties in the right locations can be amazing gems. Tread lightly and always think of the deer activity on these properties as a very fragile thing that can be broken easily.