Hunting, field trials, dog training … each has a language all its own and understanding it will lead to more success. You wouldn't expect to live in a foreign country without learning the language, why dwell in the dog-and-bird world with a similar disadvantage? Here are some common terms that may not be so common to you:

Air washed: A bird that has recently flown and landed, and thus has yet to leave much scent where it landed.

Back: Dog stopping upon seeing another dog's point.

Breakaway: When a brace of dogs is released simultaneously to begin a field trial run, usually commanded by the judge.

Force train, force break: Training to retrieve through any number of methods using an ear pinch, toe pinch or similar physical or mental "force."

Green broke: Often the same as a "started" dog, indicates some level of training in obedience and elementary hunting skills, usually including pointing.

Hup: Stop and sit at flush or upon command.

Jip: Female dog. Also "gyp," often refers to an unbred female among houndsmen.

Non-slip retriever: Term used in connection with off-lead retriever field trials, a dog that is steady to wing, shot and fall and only retrieves when commanded.

Relocate: Resuming hunting on his own or upon command, after a dog has pointed a bird (that has likely moved off).

Set: Lying down upon encountering birds. Historically, setter-type dogs did this before firearms became prevalent so that a net-throwing hunter had an unobstructed toss to the birds

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